Estimates of Crowd-Out from a Public Health Insurance Expansion Using Administrative Data

Laura Dague, University of Wisconsin-Madison
Thomas DeLeire, University of Wisconsin-Madison
Donna Friedsam, University of Wisconsin-Madison
Daphne Kuo, University of Wisconsin-Madison
Lindsey J. Leininger, Chapin Hall at the University of Chicago
Sarah Meier, University of Wisconsin-Madison
Kristen Voskuil, University of Wisconsin-Madison

We use administrative data to estimate the fraction of individuals newly enrolled in public health coverage (Wisconsin’s combined Medicaid and CHIP program) that had access to private, employer-sponsored health insurance at the time of their enrollment and the fraction that dropped this coverage. We estimate that after expansion of eligibility for public coverage, approximately 20% of new enrollees had access to private health insurance at the time of enrollment and that only 8% dropped this coverage (with the remaining 12% having both private and public coverage). We also estimate the strict upper bounds for these percentages, which show that the percentage of new enrollees with private insurance coverage at the time of enrollment is, at most, 27%. These estimates of crowd-out are relatively low compared with estimates from the literature based on Medicaid and CHIP expansions, although based both on different data and on a different method.

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Presented in Session 138: Health Insurance, Health Care, and Health